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WordPress Coding & Design

Remove the Category Base from your Permalinks

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There’s one question that a lot of people have asked over time about using WordPress, but there’s not really a clear cut answer. How can you remove the Category Base from your WordPress permalinks? This may not be a major concern for a standard blog site, but it may be of use to some, and I think it’s definitely more use to those using WordPress as a CMS.

My method so far works for a permalink structure of /%category%/%post-name%/. Without any modifications, this will give a permalink link such as /category/post-category/post-name/. However, since at least WordPress 2.6, going to /post-category/post-name/ without the initial category ‘directory’ in place, has worked with this permalink structure. This is due to the internal working of WordPress.

Removing the category base isn’t part of WordPress as it’s not advised to be used. If you have a category called ‘news’ and a page called ‘news’, which one is to be displayed when you go to http://www.domain.com/news/ ? So I can understand the reasons behind it not being readily available to remove the category base, however if you’re in control of your own site and keep that in mind, then I don’t see any reason why you can’t remove the base.

So where do we start? Well first off you need to check your permalinks settings. This will only work (at present) if you have the structure mentioned above. So if you go to Settings -> Permalinks and ensure you have a custom permalink set up of

/%category%/%post-name%/

If you want to do this on a pre-existing site and that isn’t your structure then you would be best off not proceeding with this method as I wouldn’t advise changing your structure unless you have just a handful of pages. If you do change your structure then you need to also be creating a .htaccess redirect for each post!

What we then need to do is remove the base from the permalinks. We can do this in our functions.php theme file using the filter and function below:

[sourcecode language=”php”]add_filter(‘user_trailingslashit’, ‘remcat_function’);
function remcat_function($link) {
return str_replace(“/category/”, “/”, $link);
}[/sourcecode]

This takes every permalink and removes the /category/ ‘directory’ from it. If you’ve changed your category base name then it’s unlikely you’ll be wanting to do this anyway, but if you do, then just change line 4 from /category/ to which ever base name you’ve used (surrounded by the forwardslashes of course).

Now, on the front end of your site, your category listings, blog posts and ‘filed under’ post meta data should contain links to the category or posts without the category directory within them. At this point, most of your site should continue to function as usual, minus the category base, and a lot of the methods I found were fine up to this point too, however a lot of people had trouble with viewing a category page and then trying to go to page 2 eg. /category-name/page/2/. It didn’t work.

So to fix this we need to make use of WordPress’s internal rewrite, and bit like mod rewrite, so that it keeps the correct URL in the address bar but loads the correct page too.

First of all we need to regenerate the rewrite rules already written using the flush_rules() function. We do this on initialisation of the page using the action and function below (again this goes in your functions.php theme file)

[sourcecode language=”php”]add_action(‘init’, ‘remcat_flush_rules’);
function remcat_flush_rules() {
global $wp_rewrite;
$wp_rewrite->flush_rules();
}[/sourcecode]

Finally we need to tell WordPress which page to actually load if someone has gone to page X of a category. To do this we use the filter and function below.

[sourcecode language=”php”]add_filter(‘generate_rewrite_rules’, ‘remcat_rewrite’);
function remcat_rewrite($wp_rewrite) {
$new_rules = array(‘(.+)/page/(.+)/?’ => ‘index.php?category_name=’.$wp_rewrite->preg_index(1).’&paged=’.$wp_rewrite->preg_index(2));
$wp_rewrite->rules = $new_rules + $wp_rewrite->rules;
}[/sourcecode]

Here the important line is line 3:

$new_rules = array('(.+)/page/(.+)/?' => 'index.php?category_name='.$wp_rewrite->preg_index(1).'&paged='.$wp_rewrite->preg_index(2));

The array key dictates the pattern of the URL we want to be checked, and the array value specifies the URL to actually display. In this case we could have a URL of /news/page/3/ and then we’re saying to display the page index.php?category_name=news&paged=3 which is the true URL.

.htaccess Redirects

Finally, if this site is not a brand new site then you want to ensure that anyone going to the old url with the category base in is redirected through to the new version. We do this with a redirect rewrite, to match the URL containing the category base and then remove it and redirect the user to the new URL. You need to have mod rewrite enabled on your server for this and can use the following code

[sourcecode language=”html”]RewriteRule ^category/(.+)$ /$1 [R=301,L][/sourcecode]

Place the above code after your RewriteEngine code, which should be present for Permalinks anyway ie.

[sourcecode language=”html”]# BEGIN WordPress

RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]

# END WordPress

RewriteRule ^category/(.+)$ /$1 [R=301,L][/sourcecode]

Again, if you have a base other than ‘category’ then you’ll have to change the last line above to reflect that. Also, if you’ve installed WordPress within a directory within the root eg. ‘wp’ or ‘news’, then you need to change the last line to

[sourcecode language=”html”]RewriteRule ^wp/category/(.+)$ /wp/$1 [R=301,L][/sourcecode]

Which includes a directory of ‘wp’.

Conclusion

I wouldn’t recommend that you take this straight to a live site but test it on a test install first. Not because it doesn’t work, but there are a lot of instructions to follow! I hope to extend this to not be dependent on the permalink structure hopefully for next week.

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A PHP Developer using WordPress to power both blogging and commercial CMS sites. I've written and released a couple of plugins for WordPress and am currently writing plugins for use on commercial websites.

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WordPress Coding & Design

Will Artificial Design Intelligence Takeover Web Designing and Development?

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Artificial Design Intelligence

The worlds are colliding.

Web designing and development happens in two primary ways:

  1. DIY (bloggers and small business owners buying readymade themes, web hosting account, and setting up the website after reading a lot of online resources)
  2. Agencies (dedicated agencies that create websites from scratch, using manual coding and templates, and these are usually high budget)

There is a third way, which in the next couple of years can replace both the above methods to a large extent. Will it? Let’s see.

Artificial Design Intelligence

Artificial Design Intelligence (ADI) is the ‘third’ way wherein companies are creating technology where a website could design and build itself. In 2003, prior to ADI, Adobe unveiled its suite of web designing tools and the industry experts spelled it as a doomsday for designers.

Will this ADI technology completely eradicate the need for website designers and developers? Certainly not, says David Kosmayer from Bookmark. Bookmark is a website builder that uses ADI to cater to each user’s specific and unique needs. Kosmayer opines that ADI technology will become a productivity tool for innovative developers and designers where the technology will improve and escalate the efforts of the team involved in automating the website development process. He is anticipating a website building ADI revolution with Bookmark, thriving to be at the forefront of this inevitable movement.

David gave me an insider peek into the ADI technology they are developing, scheduled to release in the next couple of weeks. Here it is:

The ADI technology improves possibilities.

I create my own websites and blogs. Now, if I have access to technology that Bookmark is designing, it will simplify my work. It’s unassumingly perfect for eCommerce stores. The ADI asks what kind of store does the user want – from a Bistro to a Laundromat, the user has tons of varieties. Once the basic is uploaded, you can add Focus Groups and Modules, and make the site live.

This ADI technology is akin to a personal assistant that understands my business needs and creates a customized ‘product’ to use.

After Bookmark, companies like Wix and TheGrid have ventured into the AI technology space too.

AI for website development and designing is an uncharted area. Chris Lema has a brilliant article title, Has Website AI Arrived?

The world of content marketing should rejoice. AI technology will strategically and dynamically depend on content to design the layout of the site. Here, content could be anything – article length, article quantity, images, videos and more.

Artificial design intelligence is still in nascent stages.

Who could use ADI technology? Bloggers, digital marketers, affiliate marketers, consultants, and other small business owners will find AI entertaining and useful. This group of professionals is usually a one-man army with a small remote team. It cuts down cost on resources as users will probably use the ADI service on a monthly subscription basis. As such, businesses can focus on branding and generating revenue.

The stress of creating dynamic websites, learning technology, and implementing them is removed entirely.

Personally, I agree with Lema that AI technology for website development and designing is yet to mature. With the coming of chatbots and other AI software, give this a year or two before the artificial design intelligence technology for websites booms.

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How to Stop Comment Spam in 60 seconds with CleanTalk

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Blog comments can be one of the most valuable assets to your blog, but they can also be a huge burden at the same time. Even with Akismet installed on my blogs, I still have to manually go through and remove the junk and spam comments many of my sites gets on a daily basis.

When I login to my WordPress dashboard, I will continually junk like this just sitting there and waiting for my approval or deletion. The majority of comment spam happens because they are trying to get a backlink to a site, either through a link within the comment or from the username.

How_to_Stop_Comment_Spam

If you have a small WordPress site, you might not be getting overwhelmed with spam comments yet, but it’s simply just a matter of time. The worse part is that it’s pretty much all coming in on an automated basis, which means cleaning up your spam comments manually can waste endless hours of your valuable time.

Comment spam is something all bloggers have to deal with, and while there are ways to minimize worthless and fake comments with plugins like Akismet or using CAPTCHA forms, these methods either don’t work or are just too annoying to setup.

CleanTalk.org felt the same way and they wanted to create a comment spam solution that works for all blog site owners, while also having a solution that actually works.

How CleanTalk WordPress Spam Plugins Works

Like most things in the world, you just want the product or service to work and not have to deal with the complexities of how it’s made. This is how most online marketers and bloggers feel — they just want a solution and not have to deal with coding, programming and working with a dev team to figure it out.

CleanTalk is quite advanced on the backend, but super easy to setup and use from a site owner perspective. Through it’s cloud based platform, CleanTalk actively monitors the visitors on your site and makes sure the comments being made, are from actual visitors (not spam bots).

The process of how CleanTalk works, is as follows:

  1. A visitor writes a comment or registers.
  2. CleanTalk plugin sends action parameters into the CleanTalk cloud.
  3. Service analyzes the parameters.
  4. If this is a visitor, the comment will be published. If it’s a spam bot, then CleanTalk blocks this comment or registering.
  5. Parameters are written to the log which can be viewed in the Control Panel service.

Not only does CleanTalk protect your blog comment area, it also covers all forms throughout your site (contact, registrations, etc). When logged into your account through their site, you will also have access to real-time stats on how well it’s protecting your site and showing you what activity is happening where.

How to Install CleanTalk on WordPress

Since CleanTalk is a WordPress plugin, it’s super easy to setup. All you need to do is visit their main site at http://cleantalk.org, create an account and grab your access key on the following page.

After that, all you need to do is head over to your WordPress dashboard, go to the “Plugins” section and search for “CleanTalk”.

CleanTalk Installation

Install the plugin and then throw in your access key and you are ready to go!

CleanTalk_Dashboard

To make sure the plugin is properly installed and running, go back to your blog and complete a dummy comment, registration or contact message with the email address stop_email@example.com and you should then see the plugin react with the message like the one in the screenshot below.

CleanTalk_anti-spam_setup_on_WordPress

You can also head back to the main dashboard at CleanTalk.org to monitor your site comment stats and manage how many sites you would like to add the plugin to.

Get Your Free 14 Day Trial of CleanTalk

You can register on the CleanTalk.org site and install the plugin right away. After completing this step, you will have 14 days of free access to their comment spam blocking service. After the 14 days, you will then have the renew your account.

The good news is that the cost of CleanTalk’s comment spam blocking plugin is just $8 per year, and you can save even more by using coupon code “BLOGGINGTIPS“.

Head over to http://cleantalk.org, create your free account and add the plugin to your site. It’s only takes a couple minutes and it will save you a massive amount of time in the long run. Eliminate comment spam from your site forever!

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WordPress Coding & Design

The Importance of Responsive Web Design

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Responsive web design is quickly changing how sites are viewed on the internet and on mobile devices. Back when I first started making money online in the mid 90s, everything was so basic and simple with web design… it was pretty much all HTML.

Then in 2007 I started using WordPress to create my first blog and the rest of my sites there after.

However, this was only the beginning. Now with everyone so focused on using mobile and other various devices to browse the internet and with the wide range of desktop sizes for viewing, it’s now more important than ever to make sure you have a site that is capable with all solutions.

I still find it amazing that I can look up sites on my phone or iPad and still come across sites that aren’t mobile optimized or that don’t load correctly. It’s quite a shame and something that really needs to be fixed immediately. Statistics show that 25% of internet users only access the internet via a mobile device. Have you checked how your site loads on a mobile device lately? If not, it might be time for you to invest some resources into your web design and development. By working alongside a respectable design team, they will be able to improve the performance of your site, while making sure it is fully optimized in the process.

Thus bringing us to responsive web design

Responsive web design refers to a website designed to adapt to whatever device a visitor is using. The same applies for desktop viewing as well. You can make the browser bigger or smaller and the content on the site will continue to adapt to your viewing solution.

Most premium wordpress themes are now responsive as well, as it’s almost become a requirement for site owners now.

When it comes to designing and coding wordpress themes, I’m the last guy that wants to deal with these issues. Fortunately there are designers and teams dedicated to mastering the art of design and wordpress.

For those of you who are wondering how responsive sites are created and the various tech specs involved, be sure to check out the infographic below from verveuk.eu.

What is Responsive Web Design

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