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WordPress Coding & Design

Plugin Administration Menus



When creating your own plugins you’ll often want to add one or more admin pages to allow users to configure options and add content, depending on what your plugin does. A couple of weeks ago I explained how to add an Options Page, this week I’ll run through how to add pages to other sections.

Creating a Submenu Page

The syntax of using these predefined functions is the same as using the options page function. To remind ourselves, this is

[sourcecode language=”php”]add_options_page(Page Title, Menu Title, user level / capability, file, function name, icon url);[/sourcecode]

For adding a management page, which will then appear under the Tools menu (for WordPress 2.6 and below this would appear on the management menu), we use

[sourcecode language=”php”]add_management_page(Page Title, Menu Title, user level / capability, file, function name, icon url);[/sourcecode]

and for adding a page to the Theme management section we use

[sourcecode language=”php”]add_theme_page(Page Title, Menu Title, user level / capability, file, function name, icon url);[/sourcecode]

If you want to add a menu page to another section then we use the standard add_submenu_page() function. This is almost the same as the predefined functions except we tell the function which admin page to make this a submenu of. The syntax for this function is

[sourcecode language=”php”]add_submenu_page(Parent File, Page Title, Menu Title, user level / capability, file, function name, icon url);[/sourcecode]

The parent file is just the PHP filename (including the .php extension) of the parent file, all of which are listed below:

  • For the Dashboard menu use index.php
  • For the Posts menu use edit.php
  • For the Media menu use media.php
  • For the Links menu use link-manager.php
  • For the Pages menu use edit-pages.php
  • For the Comments menu use edit-comments.php
  • For the Plugins menu use plugins.php
  • For the Users menu use users.php

Of course the Appearance, Tools and Settings menus can be targeted using the predefined functions above.

Creating a new Menu

If you start to develop larger plugin files then you may find that you need several pages for users to manage their content. Once you get to this point then you’ll want to create a whole new menu section. To do this we use the add_menu_page() function, and then add subpages to that. The syntax to create your own menu is

[sourcecode language=”php”]add_menu_page(Page Title, Menu Title, User Level / Capability, file, function name, icon);
add_submenu_page(Parent File, ‘Page Title’, ‘Menu Title’, User Level / Capability, file, function name);[/sourcecode]

Then you would repeat the submenu page function for each submenu page you need. For example, a recent plugin that I’ve created for converting a gallery section over to work in WordPress (without having to change 1000+ records to use the built in WP Gallery!), used the menu of

[sourcecode language=”php”]add_menu_page(‘Gallery Management’, ‘Gallery Management’, 8, __FILE__, ‘album_mgt_add’);
add_submenu_page(__FILE__, ‘Add a Gallery’, ‘Add a Gallery’, 8, __FILE__, ‘album_mgt_add’);
add_submenu_page(__FILE__, ‘Edit a Gallery’, ‘Edit a Gallery’, 8, ‘album_mgt_edit’, ‘album_mgt_edit’);
add_submenu_page(__FILE__, ‘Remove a Gallery’, ‘Remove a Gallery’, 8, ‘album_mgt_rem’, ‘album_mgt_rem’);[/sourcecode]

In the add_menu_page() the fourth parameter is told to use the existing plugin file to find the album_mgt_add() function. Then in the first submenu page I’ve used similar parameters (except the additional first parameter is set to use the plugin file as the parent, so that the submenu page appears in the correct menu), so that if you click on the ‘Gallery Management’ main menu heading, or open it up and click on the Add a Gallery, both will go to the Add a Gallery page, similar to how the other admin menus work. For the Edit and Remove pages I’ve set the fifth and sixth parameters to use the function name as all the functions are in one file. If you were to split the plugin into several files (recommended for very large plugins) then you would set the fifth parameter to be the filename of where WordPress can find the function.

Controlling Access

I personally prefer to use the user level system to control who can see the menus, which means that I tend to set a level access of 8 for Administrators only, 7 for Editors and Administrators, 2 for authors and then 0 for any registered user. You can read more about the roles and capabilities available to you from the WordPress Codex.

Don’t forget, using a plugin that allows you to alter the default user roles and capabilities will also affect your plugin(s) so if you use this then be certain to check on your plugin access for the user types.

A PHP Developer using WordPress to power both blogging and commercial CMS sites. I've written and released a couple of plugins for WordPress and am currently writing plugins for use on commercial websites.

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WordPress Coding & Design

Will Artificial Design Intelligence Takeover Web Designing and Development?



Artificial Design Intelligence

The worlds are colliding.

Web designing and development happens in two primary ways:

  1. DIY (bloggers and small business owners buying readymade themes, web hosting account, and setting up the website after reading a lot of online resources)
  2. Agencies (dedicated agencies that create websites from scratch, using manual coding and templates, and these are usually high budget)

There is a third way, which in the next couple of years can replace both the above methods to a large extent. Will it? Let’s see.

Artificial Design Intelligence

Artificial Design Intelligence (ADI) is the ‘third’ way wherein companies are creating technology where a website could design and build itself. In 2003, prior to ADI, Adobe unveiled its suite of web designing tools and the industry experts spelled it as a doomsday for designers.

Will this ADI technology completely eradicate the need for website designers and developers? Certainly not, says David Kosmayer from Bookmark. Bookmark is a website builder that uses ADI to cater to each user’s specific and unique needs. Kosmayer opines that ADI technology will become a productivity tool for innovative developers and designers where the technology will improve and escalate the efforts of the team involved in automating the website development process. He is anticipating a website building ADI revolution with Bookmark, thriving to be at the forefront of this inevitable movement.

David gave me an insider peek into the ADI technology they are developing, scheduled to release in the next couple of weeks. Here it is:

The ADI technology improves possibilities.

I create my own websites and blogs. Now, if I have access to technology that Bookmark is designing, it will simplify my work. It’s unassumingly perfect for eCommerce stores. The ADI asks what kind of store does the user want – from a Bistro to a Laundromat, the user has tons of varieties. Once the basic is uploaded, you can add Focus Groups and Modules, and make the site live.

This ADI technology is akin to a personal assistant that understands my business needs and creates a customized ‘product’ to use.

After Bookmark, companies like Wix and TheGrid have ventured into the AI technology space too.

AI for website development and designing is an uncharted area. Chris Lema has a brilliant article title, Has Website AI Arrived?

The world of content marketing should rejoice. AI technology will strategically and dynamically depend on content to design the layout of the site. Here, content could be anything – article length, article quantity, images, videos and more.

Artificial design intelligence is still in nascent stages.

Who could use ADI technology? Bloggers, digital marketers, affiliate marketers, consultants, and other small business owners will find AI entertaining and useful. This group of professionals is usually a one-man army with a small remote team. It cuts down cost on resources as users will probably use the ADI service on a monthly subscription basis. As such, businesses can focus on branding and generating revenue.

The stress of creating dynamic websites, learning technology, and implementing them is removed entirely.

Personally, I agree with Lema that AI technology for website development and designing is yet to mature. With the coming of chatbots and other AI software, give this a year or two before the artificial design intelligence technology for websites booms.

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WordPress Coding & Design

How to Stop Comment Spam in 60 seconds with CleanTalk



Blog comments can be one of the most valuable assets to your blog, but they can also be a huge burden at the same time. Even with Akismet installed on my blogs, I still have to manually go through and remove the junk and spam comments many of my sites gets on a daily basis.

When I login to my WordPress dashboard, I will continually junk like this just sitting there and waiting for my approval or deletion. The majority of comment spam happens because they are trying to get a backlink to a site, either through a link within the comment or from the username.


If you have a small WordPress site, you might not be getting overwhelmed with spam comments yet, but it’s simply just a matter of time. The worse part is that it’s pretty much all coming in on an automated basis, which means cleaning up your spam comments manually can waste endless hours of your valuable time.

Comment spam is something all bloggers have to deal with, and while there are ways to minimize worthless and fake comments with plugins like Akismet or using CAPTCHA forms, these methods either don’t work or are just too annoying to setup. felt the same way and they wanted to create a comment spam solution that works for all blog site owners, while also having a solution that actually works.

How CleanTalk WordPress Spam Plugins Works

Like most things in the world, you just want the product or service to work and not have to deal with the complexities of how it’s made. This is how most online marketers and bloggers feel — they just want a solution and not have to deal with coding, programming and working with a dev team to figure it out.

CleanTalk is quite advanced on the backend, but super easy to setup and use from a site owner perspective. Through it’s cloud based platform, CleanTalk actively monitors the visitors on your site and makes sure the comments being made, are from actual visitors (not spam bots).

The process of how CleanTalk works, is as follows:

  1. A visitor writes a comment or registers.
  2. CleanTalk plugin sends action parameters into the CleanTalk cloud.
  3. Service analyzes the parameters.
  4. If this is a visitor, the comment will be published. If it’s a spam bot, then CleanTalk blocks this comment or registering.
  5. Parameters are written to the log which can be viewed in the Control Panel service.

Not only does CleanTalk protect your blog comment area, it also covers all forms throughout your site (contact, registrations, etc). When logged into your account through their site, you will also have access to real-time stats on how well it’s protecting your site and showing you what activity is happening where.

How to Install CleanTalk on WordPress

Since CleanTalk is a WordPress plugin, it’s super easy to setup. All you need to do is visit their main site at, create an account and grab your access key on the following page.

After that, all you need to do is head over to your WordPress dashboard, go to the “Plugins” section and search for “CleanTalk”.

CleanTalk Installation

Install the plugin and then throw in your access key and you are ready to go!


To make sure the plugin is properly installed and running, go back to your blog and complete a dummy comment, registration or contact message with the email address and you should then see the plugin react with the message like the one in the screenshot below.


You can also head back to the main dashboard at to monitor your site comment stats and manage how many sites you would like to add the plugin to.

Get Your Free 14 Day Trial of CleanTalk

You can register on the site and install the plugin right away. After completing this step, you will have 14 days of free access to their comment spam blocking service. After the 14 days, you will then have the renew your account.

The good news is that the cost of CleanTalk’s comment spam blocking plugin is just $8 per year, and you can save even more by using coupon code “BLOGGINGTIPS“.

Head over to, create your free account and add the plugin to your site. It’s only takes a couple minutes and it will save you a massive amount of time in the long run. Eliminate comment spam from your site forever!

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WordPress Coding & Design

The Importance of Responsive Web Design



Responsive web design is quickly changing how sites are viewed on the internet and on mobile devices. Back when I first started making money online in the mid 90s, everything was so basic and simple with web design… it was pretty much all HTML.

Then in 2007 I started using WordPress to create my first blog and the rest of my sites there after.

However, this was only the beginning. Now with everyone so focused on using mobile and other various devices to browse the internet and with the wide range of desktop sizes for viewing, it’s now more important than ever to make sure you have a site that is capable with all solutions.

I still find it amazing that I can look up sites on my phone or iPad and still come across sites that aren’t mobile optimized or that don’t load correctly. It’s quite a shame and something that really needs to be fixed immediately. Statistics show that 25% of internet users only access the internet via a mobile device. Have you checked how your site loads on a mobile device lately? If not, it might be time for you to invest some resources into your web design and development. By working alongside a respectable design team, they will be able to improve the performance of your site, while making sure it is fully optimized in the process.

Thus bringing us to responsive web design

Responsive web design refers to a website designed to adapt to whatever device a visitor is using. The same applies for desktop viewing as well. You can make the browser bigger or smaller and the content on the site will continue to adapt to your viewing solution.

Most premium wordpress themes are now responsive as well, as it’s almost become a requirement for site owners now.

When it comes to designing and coding wordpress themes, I’m the last guy that wants to deal with these issues. Fortunately there are designers and teams dedicated to mastering the art of design and wordpress.

For those of you who are wondering how responsive sites are created and the various tech specs involved, be sure to check out the infographic below from

What is Responsive Web Design

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